hasManyThrough

Usage

A hasManyThrough relationship is either a one-to-many or a many-to-many relationship. It is used when you want to access related entities through one or more intermediate entities. The most common example for this is through a pivot table. For instance, a User may have multiple Permissions via a UserPermission entity. This allows you to store additional data on the UserPermission entity, like a createdDate .

// User.cfc
component extends="quick.models.BaseEntity" accessors="true" {
function permissions() {
return hasManyThrough( [ "userPermissions", "permission" ] );
}
function userPermissions() {
return hasMany( "UserPermission" );
}
}
// Permission.cfc
component extends="quick.models.BaseEntity" accessors="true" {
function users() {
return hasManyThrough( [ "userPermissions", "user" ] );
}
function userPermissions() {
return hasMany( "UserPermission" );
}
}
// UserPermission.cfc
component extends="quick.models.BaseEntity" accessors="true" {
function user() {
return belongsTo( "User" );
}
function permission() {
return belongsTo( "Permission" );
}
}

The only value needed for hasManyThrough is an array of relationship function names to walk through to get to the related entity. The first relationship function name in the array must exist on the current entity. Each subsequent function name must exist on the related entity of the previous relationship result. For our previous example, userPermissions must be a relationship function on User. permission must then be a relationship function on the related entity resulting from calling User.userPermissions(). This returns a hasMany relationship where the related entity is UserPermission. So, UserPermission must have a permission relationship function. That is the end of the relationship function names array, so the related entity resulting from calling UserPermission.permission() is our final entity which is Permission.

hasManyThrough( [ "userPermissions", "permission" ] );
+----------------+---------------------------+----------------+
| Current Entity | Relationship Method Names | Related Entity |
+================+===========================+================+
| User | userPermissions | UserPermission |
+----------------+---------------------------+----------------+
| UserPermission | permission | Permission |
+----------------+---------------------------+----------------+

Let's take a look at another example. HasManyThrough relationships can go up and down the relationship chain. Here's an example of finding a User's teammates

The inverse of hasManyThrough is either a belongsToThrough or a hasManyThrough relationship.

// User.cfc
component extends="quick.models.BaseEntity" accessors="true" {
function team() {
return belongsTo( "Team" );
}
function teammates() {
return hasManyThrough( [ "team", "members" ] );
}
}
// Team.cfc
component extends="quick.models.BaseEntity" accessors="true" {
function members() {
return hasMany( "User" );
}
}
hasManyThrough( [ "team", "members" ] );
+----------------+---------------------------+----------------+
| Current Entity | Relationship Method Names | Related Entity |
+================+===========================+================+
| User | team | Team |
+----------------+---------------------------+----------------+
| Team | members | User |
+----------------+---------------------------+----------------+

This approach can scale to as many related entities as you need. For instance, let's expand the previous example to include an Office that houses many Teams.

// User.cfc
component extends="quick.models.BaseEntity" accessors="true" {
function team() {
return belongsTo( "Team" );
}
function teammates() {
return hasManyThrough( [ "team", "members" ] );
}
function officemates() {
return hasManyThrough( [ "team", "office", "teams", "members" ] );
}
}
// Team.cfc
component extends="quick.models.BaseEntity" accessors="true" {
function members() {
return hasMany( "User" );
}
function office() {
return belongsTo( "Office" );
}
}
// Office.cfc
component extends="quick.models.BaseEntity" accessors="true" {
function teams() {
return hasMany( "Team" );
}
}
hasManyThrough( [ "team", "office", "teams", "members" ] );
+----------------+---------------------------+----------------+
| Current Entity | Relationship Method Names | Related Entity |
+================+===========================+================+
| User | team | Team |
+----------------+---------------------------+----------------+
| Team | office | Office |
+----------------+---------------------------+----------------+
| Office | teams | Team |
+----------------+---------------------------+----------------+
| Team | members | User |
+----------------+---------------------------+----------------+

This next example can get a little gnarly - you can include other hasManyThrough relationships in a hasManyThrough relationship function names array. You can rewrite the officemates relationship like so:

// User.cfc
component extends="quick.models.BaseEntity" accessors="true" {
function team() {
return belongsTo( "Team" );
}
function teammates() {
return hasManyThrough( [ "team", "members" ] );
}
function officemates() {
return hasManyThrough( [ "team", "office", "members" ] );
}
}
// Team.cfc
component extends="quick.models.BaseEntity" accessors="true" {
function members() {
return hasMany( "User" );
}
function office() {
return belongsTo( "Office" );
}
}
// Office.cfc
component extends="quick.models.BaseEntity" accessors="true" {
function teams() {
return hasMany( "Team" );
}
function members() {
return hasManyThrough( [ "teams", "members" ] );
}
}
hasManyThrough( [ "team", "office", "members" ] );
+----------------+---------------------------+----------------+
| Current Entity | Relationship Method Names | Related Entity |
+================+===========================+================+
| User | team | Team |
+----------------+---------------------------+----------------+
| Team | office | Office |
+----------------+---------------------------+----------------+
| Office | members | (below) |
+----------------+---------------------------+----------------+---+
| Office | teams | Team |
+----------------+---------------------------+----------------+
| Team | members | User |
+----------------+---------------------------+----------------+

As you can see, this is a very powerful relationship type that can save you many unnecessary queries to get the data you need.

Signature

Name

Type

Required

Default

Description

relationships

array

true

An array of relationship function names. The relationships are resolved from left to right. Each relationship will be resolved from the previously resolved relationship, starting with the current entity.

relationMethodName

string

false

Current Method Name

The method name called to retrieve this relationship. Uses a stack backtrace to determine by default.